Zero was discovered by | Zero invented by | Aryabhata

Point 1

The concept of zero was discovered and developed by multiple ancient civilizations independently. The exact origin of the concept is a subject of debate among historians and mathematicians. Here are a few notable contributions to the development of zero:

1. Ancient Mesopotamia: The Babylonians, who lived in ancient Mesopotamia around the 3rd millennium BCE, had a placeholder symbol for zero in their number system. However, it was used solely for positional value and not as an independent concept.

2. Ancient India: The concept of zero as an independent number emerged in ancient India. The Indian mathematician and astronomer Brahmagupta, in the 7th century CE, was the first to explicitly define zero as a number and describe its mathematical properties.

3. Mayans: The Mayan civilization of Central America also had a symbol for zero in their numeral system. The Mayans used a shell-like symbol to represent zero.

It's important to note that these cultures developed the concept of zero independently and at different points in time. The understanding and significance of zero evolved over centuries, and its adoption in different cultures facilitated the development of more advanced mathematical systems. 

Point 2

Aryabhata, also known as Aryabhata I, was an ancient Indian mathematician and astronomer who lived around the 5th century CE. He is considered one of the most significant mathematicians of ancient India. Aryabhata made important contributions to the fields of mathematics and astronomy.

His most famous work is the Aryabhatiya, a treatise on mathematics and astronomy. In this work, he presented a variety of mathematical concepts and techniques, including numerical calculations, algebraic equations, and trigonometry. Aryabhata introduced the decimal number system to Indian mathematics, which included the use of zero as a placeholder and as an actual number.

Aryabhata also proposed a heliocentric model of the solar system, stating that the Earth rotates on its axis and orbits the Sun. This idea was revolutionary for its time and had a significant impact on subsequent astronomical models.

Although there is limited information available about Aryabhata's life, his works had a profound influence on the development of mathematics and astronomy in ancient India and later civilizations.

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